Cross-sectional reference standards of the umbilical flow velocity waveforms were investigated from 18 to 38 weeks of gestation on 482 normal pregnancies. A significant decrease in the pulsatility index (PI) and systolic/diastolic (SD) ratio was observed during gestation. This phenomenon was confirmed in a longitudinal study on 150 patients of the same population. The two slopes of cross-sectional and longitudinal data were not significantly different. A bimodal distribution of PI and S/D ratio was observed. Six per cent of data fell above the vast majority of cases. The dimension of the population studied allowed us to consider these findings not as outliers but as an interesting transient phenomenon of very low end-diastolic velocities which can occur in normal fetuses, without concomitant variations on the thoracic aorta and middle cerebral artery. Cross-sectional reference ranges were studied for these vessels on the same population from 26 to 38 weeks of gestation. A significant decrease in the PI of the middle cerebral artery was observed versus a significant increase in the PI of the thoracic aorta. These latter indices could be used to obtain indirect information on the normla redistribution of blood flow in the human fetus in the third trimester of gestation. However, the great variability observed should warn against the risks of a simplistic clinical use of these observations.

Doppler velocimetry : critical analysis of umbilical, cerebral and aortic reference values / E. Ferrazzi, P. Gementi, M. Bellotti, M. Ridolfi, S. Della Peruta, A. Barbera, G. Pardi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY, AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-2115. - 38:3(1991 Feb), pp. 189-196. [10.1016/0028-2243(91)90290-2]

Doppler velocimetry : critical analysis of umbilical, cerebral and aortic reference values

E. Ferrazzi
Primo
;
M. Bellotti;G. Pardi
Ultimo
1991-02

Abstract

Cross-sectional reference standards of the umbilical flow velocity waveforms were investigated from 18 to 38 weeks of gestation on 482 normal pregnancies. A significant decrease in the pulsatility index (PI) and systolic/diastolic (SD) ratio was observed during gestation. This phenomenon was confirmed in a longitudinal study on 150 patients of the same population. The two slopes of cross-sectional and longitudinal data were not significantly different. A bimodal distribution of PI and S/D ratio was observed. Six per cent of data fell above the vast majority of cases. The dimension of the population studied allowed us to consider these findings not as outliers but as an interesting transient phenomenon of very low end-diastolic velocities which can occur in normal fetuses, without concomitant variations on the thoracic aorta and middle cerebral artery. Cross-sectional reference ranges were studied for these vessels on the same population from 26 to 38 weeks of gestation. A significant decrease in the PI of the middle cerebral artery was observed versus a significant increase in the PI of the thoracic aorta. These latter indices could be used to obtain indirect information on the normla redistribution of blood flow in the human fetus in the third trimester of gestation. However, the great variability observed should warn against the risks of a simplistic clinical use of these observations.
Doppler velocimetry; Fetal middle cerebral artery; Fetal thoracic aorta; Reference value; Umbilical artery
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/157759
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