We retrospectively examined 29 renal allograft biopsy specimens from 42 kidney transplant recipients by means of molecular biologic techniques (nested polymerase chain reaction), immunohistochemical analysis (anti-SV40 antibody), and histologic examination to evaluate the presence of polyomaviruses (PVs), viral genotypes, genomic mutations, and their pathologic significance. PV genomes were found in six cases (21%); restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis characterized 4 as JC virus (JCV) and 2 as BK virus (BKV). The latter also were positively stained immunohistochemically and showed histologically typical intranuclear viral inclusions; JCV cases were negative. DNA sequence analysis revealed only minor changes in the 4 JCV cases (3 archetypes and 1 JCV type 3, not associated with a known pathogenic genotype) but identified 2 specific variants in the BKV isolates (AS and WW strains). Given the different histologic findings (mixed inflammatory infiltration in the AS and no inflammation in the WW strain), we speculate that different BKV strains may cause differential damage in transplanted kidneys. Finally, the negative histologic and immunohistochemical JCV results, as well as the absence of viral mutations, indicate that JCV renal infection is latent in transplant recipients.
|Titolo:||Molecular characterization and sequence analysis of polyomavirus strains isolated from needle biopsy specimens of kidney allograft recipients|
OMODEO ZORINI, ELISABETTA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Polymerase chain reaction; Polyomavirus; Renal biopsy; Renal transplantation; Sequence analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|