Nineteen HIV-seropositive antiretroviral therapy-naive and asymptomatic individuals (200-500 CD4/μl) were enrolled in a prospective study aimed at analyzing the immunologic and virologic effects of two different combinations of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (AZT+ddI and AZT+3TC), and randomly assigned to one of the treatment group. Immunologic (CD4 and CD8 counts, mitogen-stimulated cytokine production, unstimulated and mitogen-stimulated apoptosis) and virologic (HIV viral load) determinations were performed pre-therapy and 15, 30, 90, 200 and 360 days after initiation of therapy. Results showed that the two combinations had comparable effects on increasing CD4 counts and the CD4/CD8 ratio and in reducing HIV viral load. In contrast, AZT+3TC was more efficient in improving interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon gamma (IFNγ) production as well as the type 1/type 2 cytokine ratio and in down modulating the susceptibility of peripheral blood mononuclear cells to in vitro mitogen-stimulated apoptotic cell death. These data suggest that the combination of AZT+3TC has a stronger effect on potentially beneficial immune parameters (IL-2 production; reduction of apoptosis) than the one between AZT+ddI. The combination of AZT+3TC could be more advantageous in the therapy of HIV infection even when used in association with a protease inhibitor. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Effect of two different combinations of antiretrovirals (AZT+ddI and AZT+3TC) on cytokine production and apoptosis in asymptomatic HIV infection / S. Piconi, D. Trabattoni, M. L. Fusi, F. Milazzo, L. P. Dix, G. Rizzardini, F. Colombo, D. Bray, M. Clerici. - In: ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0166-3542. - 46:3(2000 Jun), pp. 171-179.
|Titolo:||Effect of two different combinations of antiretrovirals (AZT+ddI and AZT+3TC) on cytokine production and apoptosis in asymptomatic HIV infection|
PICONI, STEFANIA (Primo)
TRABATTONI, DARIA LUCIA (Secondo)
CLERICI, MARIO SALVATORE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-3542(00)00076-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|