Context: In patients with adrenal incidentalomas, subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) is associated with an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The effect of surgical/conservative approach is debated. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the surgical and conservative approaches on the metabolic syndrome in patients with adrenal incidentalomas. Design: This was a retrospective longitudinal study (18-48 months follow-up). Setting: The study was conducted on an in- and outpatient basis. Patients: One hundred eight patients with adrenal incidentalomas were studied for the presence of SH, which was diagnosed in the presence of more than two of the following: urinary free cortisol greater than 70 μg per 24 h (193 nmol per 24 h), cortisol after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test greater than 3.0 μg/dl (83 nmol/liter), ACTH less than 10 pg/ml (2.2 pmol/liter). Interventions: Surgery was performed in 25 patients with SH (group TrSH+) and 30 without SH (group TrSH-), whereas the conservative approach was chosen by 16 patients with SH (group UntrSH+) and 37 without SH (group UntrSH-). Main Outcome Measures: During the follow-up, the improvement/worsening of body weight, blood pressure, or glucose and cholesterol levels was defined in the presence of a greater than 5% weight decrease/increase and following the European Society of Cardiology or the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, respectively. Results: In group TrSH+, weight, blood pressure, and glucose levels improved (32, 56, and 48%, respectively) more frequently than in group UntrSH+ (12.5%, P = 0.05; 0.0%, P < 0.0001; 0.0%, P = 0.001; and 0.0%, P = 0.0014, respectively). In group UntrSH+, blood pressure, glucose, and low-density lipoprotein levels worsened more frequently (50.0, 37.5, and 50.0%, respectively) than in group TrSH+ (0.0%, P < 0.0001; 0.0%, P = 0.001; and 20.0%, P = 0.05, respectively). Conclusions: Regarding the various components of the metabolic syndrome, in patients with adrenal incidentalomas and SH, surgery is beneficial. Copyright

Beneficial metabolic effects of prompt surgical treatment in patients with an adrenal incidentaloma causing biochemical hypercortisolism / I. Chiodini, V. Morelli, A.S. Salcuni, C. Eller-Vainicher, M. Torlontano, F. Coletti, L. Iorio, A. Cuttitta, A. Ambrosio, L. Vicentini, F. Pellegrini, M. Copetti, P. Beck-Peccoz, M. Arosio, B. Ambrosi, V. Trischitta, A. Scillitani. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0021-972X. - 95:6(2010 Jun), pp. 2736-2745.

Beneficial metabolic effects of prompt surgical treatment in patients with an adrenal incidentaloma causing biochemical hypercortisolism

I. Chiodini;V. Morelli;C. Eller-Vainicher;F. Coletti;L. Iorio;P. Beck-Peccoz;M. Arosio;
2010

Abstract

Context: In patients with adrenal incidentalomas, subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) is associated with an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The effect of surgical/conservative approach is debated. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the surgical and conservative approaches on the metabolic syndrome in patients with adrenal incidentalomas. Design: This was a retrospective longitudinal study (18-48 months follow-up). Setting: The study was conducted on an in- and outpatient basis. Patients: One hundred eight patients with adrenal incidentalomas were studied for the presence of SH, which was diagnosed in the presence of more than two of the following: urinary free cortisol greater than 70 μg per 24 h (193 nmol per 24 h), cortisol after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test greater than 3.0 μg/dl (83 nmol/liter), ACTH less than 10 pg/ml (2.2 pmol/liter). Interventions: Surgery was performed in 25 patients with SH (group TrSH+) and 30 without SH (group TrSH-), whereas the conservative approach was chosen by 16 patients with SH (group UntrSH+) and 37 without SH (group UntrSH-). Main Outcome Measures: During the follow-up, the improvement/worsening of body weight, blood pressure, or glucose and cholesterol levels was defined in the presence of a greater than 5% weight decrease/increase and following the European Society of Cardiology or the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, respectively. Results: In group TrSH+, weight, blood pressure, and glucose levels improved (32, 56, and 48%, respectively) more frequently than in group UntrSH+ (12.5%, P = 0.05; 0.0%, P < 0.0001; 0.0%, P = 0.001; and 0.0%, P = 0.0014, respectively). In group UntrSH+, blood pressure, glucose, and low-density lipoprotein levels worsened more frequently (50.0, 37.5, and 50.0%, respectively) than in group TrSH+ (0.0%, P < 0.0001; 0.0%, P = 0.001; and 20.0%, P = 0.05, respectively). Conclusions: Regarding the various components of the metabolic syndrome, in patients with adrenal incidentalomas and SH, surgery is beneficial. Copyright
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/156345
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 144
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 129
social impact