Background & Aims Ribavirin (RBV) combined with either pegylated interferon (PegIFN) α2a or PegIFNα2b is the standard of care for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Due to the lack of head-to-head studies, the 2 PegIFNs have not been directly compared. The endpoints of our study were safety and antiviral efficacy of the 2 regimens. Methods Treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C were randomly (1:1) assigned after stratification for HCV genotype to receive either 1.5 mcg/Kg/week PegIFNα2b plus RBV 800–1200 mg/day or 180 mcg/week PegIFNα2a plus RBV 800–1200 mg/day for 24 or 48 weeks according to HCV genotype. The study was powered to detect a difference of at least 10% in safety and efficacy of the 2 regimens. Results The 212 patients on PegIFNα2a and the 219 patients on PegIFNα2b had similar baseline characteristics, including cirrhosis (20% vs 18%, respectively). By intention to treat, the 2 groups showed similar rates of treatment-related serious adverse events (1% vs 1%, respectively) and drop out rates for adverse effects (7% vs 6%, respectively). Overall, sustained virologic response (SVR) rate was higher in PegIFNα2a than in PegIFNα2b patients (66% vs 54%, respectively, P = .02), being 48% vs 32% in the 222 HCV-1 and -4 patients (P = .04), and 96% vs 82%, respectively, in the 143 HCV-2 patients (P = .01). PegIFNα2a independently predicted SVR in the logistic regression analysis (odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval: 1.20–2.96). Conclusions Although the 2 regimens showed a similar safety profile, the PegIFNα2a-based treatment yielded significantly more SVR than PegIFNα2b.
Randomized Study of Peginterferon-alpha2a Plus Ribavirin vs Peginterferon-alpha2b Plus Ribavirin in Chronic Hepatitis C / M.G. Rumi, A. Aghemo, G.M. Prati, R. D'Ambrosio, M.F. Donato, R. Soffredini, E. Del Ninno, A. Russo, M. Colombo. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - 138:1(2010), pp. 108-115.
|Titolo:||Randomized Study of Peginterferon-alpha2a Plus Ribavirin vs Peginterferon-alpha2b Plus Ribavirin in Chronic Hepatitis C|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2009.08.071|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|