Purpose: To define the rule according to which crystalloid solutions characterized by different strong ion difference (SID) modify the acid-base variables of human plasma. Methods: With a previously validated software, we computed the effects of diluting human plasma with crystalloid solutions ([SID] 0-60, 10 mEq/l stepwise). An equation was derived to compute the diluent [SID] required to maintain the baseline pH unchanged, at constant PCO 2 and at every dilution fraction. The results were experimentally tested using fresh frozen plasma, re-warmed at 37°C, equilibrated at PCO 2 35 and 78 mmHg, at baseline and after the infusion of crystalloid solutions with 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 mEq/l [SID]. Results: The mathematical analysis showed that the diluent [SID] required to maintain unmodified the baseline pH equals the baseline bicarbonate concentration, [HCO 3 - ], assuming constant PCO 2 throughout the process. The experimental data confirmed the theoretical analysis. In fact, at the baseline [HCO 3 - ] of 18.3 ± 0.3 mmol/l (PCO 2 35 mmHg) the pH was 7.332 ± 0.004 and remained 7.333 ± 0.003 when the diluting [SID] was 18.5 ± 0.0 mEq/l. At baseline [HCO 3 - ] of 19.5 ± 0.3 mmol/l (PCO 2 78 mmHg) the pH was 7.010 ± 0.003 and remained 7.004 ± 0.003 when the diluting [SID] was 19.1 ± 0.1 mEq/l. At both PCO 2 values infusion with [SID] lower or greater than baseline [HCO 3 - ] led pH to decrease or increase, respectively. Conclusions: The baseline [HCO 3 - ] dictates the pH response to crystalloid infusion. If a crystalloid [SID] equals baseline [HCO 3 - ], pH remains unchanged at constant PCO 2, whereas it increases or decreases if the [SID] is greater or lower, respectively.
The rule regulating pH changes during crystalloid infusion / E. Carlesso, G. Maiocchi, F. Tallarini, F. Polli, F. Valenza, P. Cadringher, L. Gattinoni. - In: INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 0342-4642. - 37:3(2011 Mar), pp. 461-468.
|Titolo:||The rule regulating pH changes during crystalloid infusion|
GATTINONI, LUCIANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Acid-base equilibrium; Balanced solution; Crystalloids; Stewart's approach; Volume resuscitation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2011|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||9-dic-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-010-2095-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|