Alterations in myelin membranes, as well as in the expression of myelin proteins have been reported in experimental models of diabetes. Data here reported show for the first time that the mRNA levels of two isoforms of myelin basic protein (MBP), 18.5 and 21.5 kDa, are decreased in the spinal cord of streptozotocin-treated rats and that treatment with a neuroactive steroid, such as progesterone (P), may counteract this effect. Interestingly, metabolism of progesterone into dihydroprogesterone (DHP) by the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase seems to exert an important role in such an effect. As here demonstrated, 5 alpha-reductase mRNA and DHP levels are reduced by diabetes in spinal cord, but treatment with P, is able to counteract these effects. Moreover, treatment with DHP is able to mimic the effect of P on MBP gene expression. Thus, the effects of P here observed are due to its enzymatic conversion into DHP. Because DHP, like P, interacts with P receptor (PR), the present results may suggest the importance to analyze the effects of PR modulators as tools of therapeutic strategies for diabetic complications occurring in nervous system.
Dihydroprogesterone Increases the Gene Expression of Myelin Basic Protein in Spinal Cord of Diabetic Rats / M. Pesaresi, S. Giatti, D. Calabrese, O. Maschi, D. Caruso, R.C. Melcangi. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0895-8696. - 42:2(2010 Oct), pp. 135-139.
|Titolo:||Dihydroprogesterone Increases the Gene Expression of Myelin Basic Protein in Spinal Cord of Diabetic Rats|
PESARESI, MARZIA (Primo)
GIATTI, SILVIA (Secondo)
CARUSO, DONATELLA (Penultimo)
MELCANGI, COSIMO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Myelin ; streptozotocin ; neuroactive steroids; 5 alpha-Reductase|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-010-9344-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|