When we fall asleep, consciousness fades yet the brain remains active. Why is this so? To investigate whether changes in cortical information transmission play a role, we used. transcranial magnetic stimulation together with high-density electroencephalography and asked how the activation of one cortical area (the premotor area) is transmitted to the rest of the brain. During quiet wakefulness, an initial response.(similar to 15 milliseconds) at the stimulation site was followed by a sequence of waves that moved to connected cortical areas several centimeters away. During non-rapid eye movement sleep, the initial response was stronger but was rapidly extinguished and did not propagate beyond the stimulation site. Thus, the fading of consciousness during certain stages of steep may be related to a breakdown in cortical effective connectivity.
|Titolo:||Breakdown of cortical effective connectivity during sleep|
MASSIMINI, MARCELLO (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1126/science.1117256|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|