Polymeric membranes embedding a metal complex have been previously employed as reusable catalysts under relatively mild conditions. In this paper we report the first example of a polymeric catalytic membrane employed under very forcing conditions (160 °C and 50 bar CO). The reaction investigated was the reduction of nitrobenzene to aniline by CO/H2O catalyzed by ruthenium Ar-BIAN (Ar-BIAN = bis-(arylimino)acenaphthene) complexes. To better retain the complex in the membrane a modified ligand was prepared having long alkyl chains in the para positions of the aryl rings. Among several polymers tested, PEEK-WC gave best results. Attempts to embed the ligand only in the membrane and functionalize it with the metal later, analogously to the in situ generation of the active species practiced for the homogeneous system, failed and it was necessary to synthesize new complexes that could be reduced under the reaction conditions. Best results were obtained using Ru(Ar-BIAN)(CO)2Cl2 + Et3N. During the reaction the complex is transformed into a mixture of Ru3(CO)12 and a reduced form of the ligand, Ar-BIANH2. The latter was independently prepared and shown to be able to reduce nitrobenzene even in the absence of any metal. A new kind of support was designed to allow the placing of the membrane in a stirred autoclave. Using only water as solvent, no metal or ligand leaching was observed and several recycles were performed. All employed membranes were thoroughly characterized by different techniques.
Catalytic Polymer Membranes under Forcing Conditions : Reduction of Nitrobenzene by CO/H2O Catalyzed by Ruthenium Bis(arylimino)acenaphthene Complexes / M. Viganò, F. Ragaini, M.G. Buonomenna, R. Lariccia, A. Caselli, E. Gallo, S. Cenini, J.C. Jansen, E. Drioli. - In: CHEMCATCHEM. - ISSN 1867-3880. - 2:9(2010 Sep), pp. 1150-1164.
|Titolo:||Catalytic Polymer Membranes under Forcing Conditions : Reduction of Nitrobenzene by CO/H2O Catalyzed by Ruthenium Bis(arylimino)acenaphthene Complexes|
VIGANO', MARTA (Primo)
RAGAINI, FABIO ATTILIO CIRILLO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||aniline; membranes; nitroarenes; ruthenium; supported catalysts|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201000044|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|