The high rates of cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity observed in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) cannot be fully explained by traditional atherosclerosis risk factors as standard therapy (i.e. corticosteroids and methotrexate), cytokines and disease activity may all contribute to accelerated atherosclerosis. There is considerable evidence showing that chronic inflammation and immune dysregulation play a pathogenetic role in the development of atherosclerosis in patients with SADs. Chronic inflammation, accelerated atherosclerosis and functional abnormalities of the endothelium suggest that subclinical CV involvement begins soon after the onset of the disease and progresses with disease duration. All cardiac structures may be affected during the course of SADs (valves, the conduction system, the myocardium, endocardium and pericardium, and coronary arteries), and the cardiac complications have a variety of clinical manifestations. As these are all associated with an unfavourable prognosis, it is essential to detect subclinical cardiac involvement in asymptomatic SAD patients, and begin adequate management and treatment early.
Cardiac involvement in systemic rheumatic diseases : an update / P. Sarzi-Puttini, F. Atzeni, R. Gerli, E. Bartoloni, A. Doria, T. Barskova, M. Matucci-Cerinic, S. Sitia, L. Tomasoni, M. Turiel. - In: AUTOIMMUNITY REVIEWS. - ISSN 1568-9972. - 9:12(2010), pp. 849-852.
|Titolo:||Cardiac involvement in systemic rheumatic diseases : an update|
TOMASONI, LIVIO (Penultimo)
TURIEL, MAURIZIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2010.08.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|