During straightwalking, the body centre of mass (CM) follows a 3D figure-of-eight (‘‘bow-tie’’) trajectory about 0.2 m long and with sizes around 0.05 m on each orthogonal axis. This was shown in 18 healthy adults walking at 0.3 to 1.4 m s1 on a force-treadmill (Tesio and Rota, 2008). Double integration of force signals can provide both the changes of mechanical energy of the CM and its 3D displacements (Tesio et al., 2010). In the same subjects, the relationship between the tangential speed of the CM, Vt, the curvature, C, and its inverse—the radius of curvature, rc, were analyzed. A ‘‘power law’’ (PL) model was applied, i.e. log Vt was regressed over log rc. A PL is known to apply to the most various goal-directed planar movements (e.g. drawing), where the coefficient of log rc, b, usually takes values around 13 . When the PL was fitted to the whole dataset, b was 0.346 and variance explanation, R2, was 59.8%. However, when the data were split into low- and high-curvature subsets (LC, HC, arbitrary cut-off of C¼0.05 mm1, rc¼20 mm), b was 0.185 in the LC (R2 0.214) and 0.486 in the HC (R2 0.536) tracts. R2 on the whole dataset increased to 0.763 if the LC–HC classification of the forward speed and their interaction entered the model. The b coefficient, the curvature C, and the pendulum-like recovery of mechanical energy were lower during the double foot-ground contact phase, compared to the single contact. Along the CM trajectory, curvature and muscle power output peaked together around the inversions of lateral direction. Non-zero torsion values were randomly distributed along 60% of the trajectory, suggesting that this is not segmented into piecewise planar tracts. It is proposed that the trajectory can be segmented into one tract that is more actively controlled (tie) where a PL fits poorly and another tract which ismore ballistic (bow) where a PL fits well. Results need confirmation through more appropriate 3D PL modelling.
The 3D trajectory of the body centre of mass during adult human walking: Evidence for a speed–curvature power law / L. Tesio, V. Rota, L. Perucca. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS. - ISSN 0021-9290. - 44:4(2011 Feb 24), pp. 732-740.
|Titolo:||The 3D trajectory of the body centre of mass during adult human walking: Evidence for a speed–curvature power law|
TESIO, LUIGI (Primo)
ROTA, VIVIANA (Secondo)
PERUCCA, LAURA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Gait; Biomechanics; Centre of gravity; Trajectory|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/34 - Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-feb-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.10.035|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|