Fruit flies in the family Tephritidae are rated among the world's most destructive agricultural pests. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata is emerging as a model organism to study the fertilization in Insects. Three integral proteins with glycosidase activity are present in the plasma membrane of spermatozoa. The glycosidases have been purified and characterized. We have demonstrated the presence of three enzymes, a β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, an α-mannosidase and an α-l-fucosidase. The molecular mass of the native enzymes estimated by gel filtration was 160 kDa for β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, 310 kDa for α-mannosidase and 140 kDa for α-l-fucosidase. SDS-PAGE showed that β-N-acetylhexosaminidase is a dimer of a single protein of 73 kDa, α-mannosidase consists of six subunits with different molecular weights and α-l-fucosidase is a dimer made up by two different monomers. Characterization of the purified enzymes included glycosylation pattern, pI, optimal pH, substrate preference, kinetic properties and thermal stability. Soluble forms similar to the sperm associated glycosidases are present. Polyclonal antibodies raised against synthetic peptides designed from the predicted products of the Drosophila melanogaster genes encoding β-N-acetylhexosaminidase and α-l-fucosidase were used. Immunofluorescence labelling of spermatozoa showed that the enzymes are present in the sperm plasma membrane overlying the acrosome and the tail. This work represents the first report on the characterization in C. capitata of sperm proteins that are potentially involved in primary gamete recognition.
Glycosidases in the plasma membrane of Ceratitis capitata spermatozoa / J. Intra, D. De Caro, M.E. Perotti, M.E. Pasini. - In: INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0965-1748. - 41:2(2011 Feb), pp. 90-100.
|Titolo:||Glycosidases in the plasma membrane of Ceratitis capitata spermatozoa|
INTRA, JARI (Secondo)
PASINI, MARIA ENRICA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Fertilization; Gamete; Hexosaminidase; Mediterranean fruit fly; Purification|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Settore BIO/17 - Istologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2010.10.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|