Somatostatin analogues inhibit in vitro cell proliferation via specific membrane receptors (SSTRs). Recent studies on transfected cell lines have shown a ligand-induced formation of receptor dimers. The aim of this study is 1) to evaluate the role of specific ligands in modulating receptor interactions in the androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, and in the non-small cell lung cancer line, Calu-6, by co-immunoprecipitation and immunoblot; and 2) to correlate the antiproliferative effect of these compounds with their ability in modulating receptor interactions. In LNCaP, we have demonstrated the constitutive presence of sstr₁/sstr₂, sstr₂/sstr₅, sstr₅/dopamine (DA) type 2 receptor (D₂R), and sstr₂/D₂R dimers. BIM-23704 (sstr₁- and sstr₂-preferential compound) increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr₁/sstr₂ and significantly inhibited proliferation (-30.98%). BIM-23244 (sstr₂-sstr₅ selective agonist) significantly increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr₂/sstr₅, and induced a -41.36% inhibition of proliferation. BIM-23A760, a new somatostatin/DA chimeric agonist with a high affinity for sstr₂ and D₂R and a moderate affinity for sstr₅, significantly increased the sstr₅/D₂R and sstr₂/D₂R complexes and was the most powerful in inhibiting proliferation (-42.30%). The chimeric compound was also the most efficient in modulating receptor interaction in Calu-6, increasing the co-immunoprecipitation of D₂R/sstr₅ and inhibiting cell proliferation (-30.54%). However, behind BIM-23A760, BIM-53097 (D₂R-preferential compound) also significantly inhibited Calu-6 proliferation (-17.71%), suggesting a key role for D₂R in receptor cross talk and in controlling cell growth. Indeed, activation of monomeric receptors did not affect receptor co-immunoprecipitation, whereas cell proliferation was significantly inhibited when the receptors were synergistically activated. In conclusion, our data show a dynamic ligand-induced somatostatin and DA receptor interaction, which may be crucial for the antiproliferative effects of the new analogues.
Somatostatin and dopamine receptor interaction in prostate and lung cancer cell lines / M. Arvigo, F. Gatto, M. Ruscica, P. Ameri, E. Dozio, M. Albertelli, M.D. Culler, M. Motta, F. Minuto, P. Magni, D. Ferone. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-0795. - 207:3(2010 Dec), pp. 309-317.
|Titolo:||Somatostatin and dopamine receptor interaction in prostate and lung cancer cell lines|
MAGNI, PAOLO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1677/JOE-10-0342|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|