An increased risk of thrombosis has been described in patients with hypereosinophilic syndromes, including Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). We report the case of a 43-year-old man with CSS who presented with asthma, pansinusitis, blood eosinophilia (9650/microL), peripheral neuropathy, cutaneous eosinophilic vasculitis, and a positive result for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. An analysis of plasma during active disease revealed elevated levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 (marker of thrombin generation) (832 pM; normal range, 68-229 pM) and D-dimer (marker of fibrin degradation) (2300 ng/mL; normal range, 130-250 ng/mL), which indicate an increased risk of thrombosis. Both parameters returned to normal values during remission after immunosuppressive treatment. Skin histology showed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with numerous eosinophils in the dermal infiltrate. Immunohistochemistry revealed expression of tissue factor by skin-infiltrating eosinophils, as confirmed by colocalization with eosinophil cationic protein, a classic marker of eosinophil granulocytes. In conclusion, we present a patient with active CSS and a prothrombotic state that reverted during remission achieved by immunosuppressive therapy
Prothrombotic state in Churg-Strauss syndrome : a case report / A. V. Marzano, A. Tedeschi, R. Rossio, D. Fanoni, M. Cugno. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIONAL ALLERGOLOGY & CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1018-9068. - 20:7(2010), pp. 616-619.
|Titolo:||Prothrombotic state in Churg-Strauss syndrome : a case report|
CUGNO, MASSIMO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Churg-strauss syndrome; Eosinophil; Thrombosis; Tissue factor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|