In HIV infected children, CD45+CD4+ T lymph. reconstitution has been related to efficient thymopoiesis. Because human thymus undergoes spontaneous involution at a relatively young age, institution of antiretroviral therapy early in the course of infection has been recommended. 12 HIV vertically infected children aged 4-8 years were investigated T-cell subsets for four years. 7 children were naive for therapy (group NT); 5 experienced nucleoside analogues only (group T). CD45RA+ and CD45RO+ CD4+ values were compared to predicted values of healthy children. The two groups showed similar clinical and immunological baseline characteristics (CDC class N-A). Mean VL at t0 was 4.26 log10 (SD 0.71) in gr. NT and 4.01 log10 (SD 0.57) in gr. T; median CD4 T lymph values were 27% in gr. NT and 23.5% in gr. T. Median CD45RA+ values were 62.8% in gr. NT and 71.3% in gr. T. No differences in VL, CD4+ T lymph., CD45RA+, CD45RO+ were found in between groups or within each group at each time evaluation. Median CD45RA+ values were not different from predicted values of healthy children. None of the children changed CDC class during the study period. Although the number of subjects was small, our study evidenced the possibility of a normal immunological development in HIV-1 vertically infected asymptomatic children naive for HAART during the first decade, even in the presence of significant viremia.
|Titolo:||[Immunological development in asymptomatic HIV infected children].|
ZUCCOTTI, GIAN VINCENZO (Penultimo)
RIVA, ENRICA LICIA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|