Mechanisms by which HIV affects the thymus are multiple and only partially known, and the role of thymic dysfunction in HIV/AIDS immunopathogenesis remains poorly understood. To evaluate the effects of HIV infection on intra-thymic precursors of T cells in HIV-infected adults, we conducted a detailed immunophenotypic study of thymic tissue isolated from 7 HIV-infected and 10 HIV-negative adults who were to undergo heart surgery. We found that thymuses of HIV-infected individuals were characterized by a relative depletion of CD4+ single positive T cells and a corresponding enrichment of CD8+ single positive T cells. In addition, thymocytes derived from HIV-infected subjects showed increased levels of activated and proliferating cells. Our analysis also revealed a decreased expression of interleukin-7 receptor in early thymocytes from HIV-infected individuals, along with an increase in this same expression in mature double- and single-positive cells. Frequency of regulatory T cells (CD25+FoxP3+) was significantly increased in HIV-infected thymuses, particularly in priorly-committed CD4 single positive cells. Our data suggest that HIV infection is associated with a complex set of changes in the immunophenotype of thymocytes, including a reduction of intrathymic CD4+ T cell precursors, increased expression of activation markers, changes in the expression pattern of IL-7R and enrichment of T regulatory cells generation.
CD4+ T cell depletion, immune activation and increased production of regulatory T cells in the thymus of HIV-infected individuals / A. Bandera, G. Ferrario, M. Saresella, I. Marventano, A. Soria, F. Zanini, F. Sabbatini, M. Airoldi, G.C. Marchetti, F. Franzetti, D.L. Trabattoni, M.S. Clerici, A. Gori. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 5:5(2010 May 24), pp. e10788.e10788-e10788.e10788.
|Titolo:||CD4+ T cell depletion, immune activation and increased production of regulatory T cells in the thymus of HIV-infected individuals|
BANDERA, ALESSANDRA (Primo)
FERRARIO, GIULIO (Secondo)
CLERICI, MARIO SALVATORE (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-mag-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010788|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|