Stomatal ozone uptake, determined with the Jarvis' approach, was related to photosynthetic efficiency assessed by chlorophyll fluorescence and reflectance measurements in open-top chamber experiments on Phaseolus vulgaris. The effects of O3 exposure were also evaluated in terms of visible and microscopical leaf injury and plant productivity. Results showed that microscopical leaf symptoms, assessed as cell death and H2O2 accumulation, preceded by 3–4 days the appearance of visible symptoms. An effective dose of ozone stomatal flux for visible leaf damages was found around 1.33 mmol O3 m^(−2). Significant linear dose–response relationships were obtained between accumulated fluxes and optical indices (PRI, NDI, ΔF/Fm′). The negative effects on photosynthesis reduced plant productivity, affecting the number of pods and seeds, but not seed weight. These results, besides contributing to the development of a flux-based ozone risk assessment for crops in Europe, highlight the potentiality of reflectance measurements for the early detection of ozone stress.
A flux-based assessment of the effects of ozone on foliar injury, photosynthesis, and yield of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Borlotto Nano Lingua di Fuoco) in open-top chambers / G. Gerosa, R. Marzuoli, M. Rossini, C. Panigada, M. Meroni, R. Colombo, F. Faoro, M. Iriti. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 157:5(2009), pp. 1727-1736.
|Titolo:||A flux-based assessment of the effects of ozone on foliar injury, photosynthesis, and yield of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Borlotto Nano Lingua di Fuoco) in open-top chambers|
FAORO, FRANCO (Penultimo)
IRITI, MARCELLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Chlorophyll fluorescence; Crop yield; Field radiometry; Leaf symptoms; Ozone fluxes; Stomatal conductance model|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.06.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|