Biodegradable and biocompatible amphoteric poly(amido-amine) (PAA)-based hydrogels, containing carboxyl groups along with amino groups in their repeating unit, were considered as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. These hydrogels were obtained by co-polymerising 2,2-bisacrylamidoacetic acid with 2-methylpiperazine with or without the addition of different mono-acrylamides as modifiers, and in the presence of primary bis-amines as crosslinking agents. Hybrid PAA/albumin hydrogels were also prepared. The polymerisation reaction was a Michael-type polyaddition carried out in aqueous media. The PAA hydrogels were soft and swellable materials. Cytotoxicity tests were carried out by the direct contact method with fibroblast cell lines on the hydrogels both in their native state (that is, as free bases) and as salts with acids of different strength, namely hydrochloric, sulfuric, acetic and lactic acid. This was done in order to ascertain whether counterion-specific differences in cytotoxicity existed. It was found that all the amphoteric PAA hydrogels considered were cytobiocompatible both as free bases and salts. Selected hydrogels samples underwent degradation tests under controlled conditions simulating biological environments, i.e. Dulbecco medium at pH 7.4 and 37 8C. All samples degraded completely and dissolved within 10 d, with the exception of hybrid PAA/ albumin hydrogels that did not dissolve even after eight months. The degradation products of all samples turned to be non-cytotoxic. All these results led us to conclude that PAAbased hydrogels have a definite potential as degradable matrices for biomedical applications.
|Titolo:||Novel poly(amido-amine)-based hydrogels as scaffolds for tissue engineering|
|Parole Chiave:||Bioactive and compatible polymers; Hybrid albumine poly(amido-amine) networks; Hydrogels; Poly(amido-amine)s; Tissue engineering|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/mabi.200500020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|