The Low Frequency Instrument on board the PLANCK satellite is designed to give the most accurate map ever of the CMB anisotropy of the whole sky over a broad frequency band spanning 27 to 77 GHz. It is made of an array of 22 pseudo-correlation radiometers, composed of 11 actively cooled (20 K) Front End Modules (FEMs), and 11 Back End Modules (BEMs) at 300K, each FEM and BEM set comprising two radiometers. The connection between the two parts is made with rectangular Wave Guides (WGs). Considerations of very different nature (thermal, electromagnetic and mechanical), imposed stringent requirements on the WGs characteristics and drove their design. From the thermal point of view, the WG should guarantee good insulation between the FEM and the BEM sections to avoid overloading the cryocooler. On the other hand it is essential that the signals do not undergo excessive attenuation through the WG. Finally, given the different positions of the FEM modules behind the focal surface and the mechanical constraints given by the surrounding structures, different mechanical designs were necessary. A composite configuration of Stainless Steel and Copper was selected to satisfy all the requirements described. Given the complex shape and the considerable length (about 1.5-2 m) of the LFI WGs, manufacturing and testing the WGs was a challenge. This work deals with the development of the LFI WGs, including the choice of the final configuration and of the fabrication process. It also describes the testing procedure adopted to fully characterize these components from the electromagnetic point of view and the space qualification process they underwent. The Scattering parameters of the WGs were obtained in a one port configuration, minimizing instrumental errors. The space qualification process required manufacturing ad-hoc facilities to support the WGs during vibration tests and to allow electromagnetic tests without removing them. Results obtained during the test campaign are reported and compared with the stringent requirements. The performance of the LFI WGs is in line with requirements, and the WGs were successfully space qualified.
|Titolo:||The Planck-LFI flight model composite waveguides|
|Parole Chiave:||Instruments for CMB observations; Passive components for microwaves; Space instrumentation; Waveguides|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1748-0221/4/12/T12007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|