In maize vivipary, the precocious germination of the seed while it is still attached to the ear is a reliable phenotype for the identification of mutants impaired in the biosynthesis or response to abscisic acid (ABA). Here we present the characterization of a new allele of vp10, a gene encoding for a cofactor (MoCo) required for the last step of ABA biosynthesis. The lesion in this gene leads to a reduction in the endogenous ABA level. Embryonic messenger RNAs of the ABA inducible genes glb1, lea3, and rab17 are barely detectable, although their level increases when stimulated by exogenous ABA administration. These findings confirm that the mutant can be ascribed to a defect in ABA biosynthesis. In the absence of water stress, mutant plants grow like wild-type siblings; however when mutant tissues are exposed to air they differ from non-mutant ones by showing a higher rate of water loss, of transpiration and of stomatal conductance. These events are restored to almost normal values by adding exogenous ABA. All these defects are ascribable to an impairment in the regulation of stomatal opening since, in contrast to wild-type, some of the mutant stomata exhibit partially or totally open rims. The defect in ABA biosynthesis is also associated with loss of regulation of the expression of rab17 and rab28, two genes expressed in vegetative tissues under abiotic stress. These genes are constitutively expressed in the mutant plant tissues independently of the water regime applied. Thus this mutant may provide a tool for the study of molecular mechanisms underlying drought-stress responses in crop plants.
|Titolo:||A viviparous mutant of maize exhibiting permanent water stress symptoms|
GAVAZZI, GIUSEPPE ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Zea mays; Viviparous mutants; ABA; Drought stress; Stomatal conductance; Embryo growth|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10725-010-9543-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|