A 4-year-old male horse of Friesian breed with normal body conformation, development and libido, and showing an evident ventral penis deviation with hypospadias, underwent both cytogenetic and genetic investigation. Although the karyotype showed normal male arrangement (2n = 64,XY), one telomere of horse (ECA) chromosome 1 was shorter than both the other one and those of a normal horse (control), as revealed by CBA- and RBA-banding, and by Ag-NOR and FISH-mapping techniques using telomere PNA probes. Genetic investigation of the SRY and MAMLD1 coding sequences revealed a normal SRY sequence and a mutation in the MAMLD1 gene sequence: a homozygous change (C 1 A) was found, leading to the synthesis of an isoleucine, instead of a leucine. Although it is difficult to find a strict correlation between hypospadias and the genetic defects revealed by this investigation, this study is the first to be performed in a hypospadic horse using both cytogenetic and genetic investigation.

Cytogenetic and genetic studies in an hypospadic horse (Equus caballus, 2n=64) / L. De Lorenzi, V. Genualdo, A. Iannuzzi, G.P. Di Meo, A. Perucatti, M. Mancuso, D. Di Berardino, P. Parma, L. Iannuzzi. - In: SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1661-5425. - 4:6(2010), pp. 352-357. [10.1159/000319527]

Cytogenetic and genetic studies in an hypospadic horse (Equus caballus, 2n=64)

L. De Lorenzi;P. Parma;
2010

Abstract

A 4-year-old male horse of Friesian breed with normal body conformation, development and libido, and showing an evident ventral penis deviation with hypospadias, underwent both cytogenetic and genetic investigation. Although the karyotype showed normal male arrangement (2n = 64,XY), one telomere of horse (ECA) chromosome 1 was shorter than both the other one and those of a normal horse (control), as revealed by CBA- and RBA-banding, and by Ag-NOR and FISH-mapping techniques using telomere PNA probes. Genetic investigation of the SRY and MAMLD1 coding sequences revealed a normal SRY sequence and a mutation in the MAMLD1 gene sequence: a homozygous change (C 1 A) was found, leading to the synthesis of an isoleucine, instead of a leucine. Although it is difficult to find a strict correlation between hypospadias and the genetic defects revealed by this investigation, this study is the first to be performed in a hypospadic horse using both cytogenetic and genetic investigation.
Chromosome deletion; Gene mutation; Horse; Hypospadias; MAMLD1
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/148379
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