Background: MiRNAs inhibit HIV-1 expression by either modulating host innate immunity or by directly interfering with viral mRNAs. Here, we investigated the miRNA profile that discriminates different classes of HIV-1 infected patients from multiple exposed uninfected individuals. Methods: The expression levels of 377 miRNAs were selectively analyzed in CD4+ cells isolated from whole blood of HIV-1 élite LTNP (éLTNP), naive, and multiply exposed uninfected individuals (MEU). MiRNA extraction was performed by the mirVana miRNA Isolation Kit (Ambion) and their expression was subsequently examined by real-time PCR-based arrays. The expression of miRNAs was also determined in primary culture of CD4+T cells and monocyte-macrophages infected in vitro by R5 strains. Expression of Dicer and Drosha was evaluated by real-time PCR. Results: We only considered miRNAs that were expressed in the 70% of patients of at least one class and varied by at least 1 log10 from healthy controls. Out of 377 miRNAs, 26 were up-regulated, while 88 were down-regulated. Statistical analysis showed that 21 miRNAs significantly differentiated éLTNP from MEU and 23 miRNAs distinguished naive from MEU, while only 1 (miR-155) discriminated éLTNP from naive. By hierarchical clustering of the miRNAs according to patient class, éLTNP clustered with naive whereas all MEU subjects grouped together. The Dicer and Drosha expression in the patient classes correlated with miRNA profile changes. Among miRNAs differentially expressed in patient classes, 32 were detected in in vitro infection model: the most of the up-regulated miRNAs were expressed in monocyte-macrophages, whereas the most of the down-regulated miRNAs were expressed in T lymphocytes. Conclusions: These findings support that miRNA profile could be the result not only of a productive infection, but also of the exposure to HIV products that leave a signature in immune cells. These data provide some intriguing issues relative to the development of HIV vaccines targeting viral proteins.
Changes in CD4+ cells’ miRNA expression following exposure to HIV-1 / F. Bignami, E. Pilotti, L. Bertoncelli, P. Ronzi, M. Gulli, N. Marmiroli, G. Magnani, M. Pinti, C. Mussini, L. Lopalco, R. Ruotolo, M. Galli, A. Cossarizza, C. Casoli. - In: JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL AIDS SOCIETY. - ISSN 1758-2652. - 13:3(2010 Nov 04). ((Intervento presentato al convegno International AIDS Society's Workshop "Towards a Cure": HIV Reservoirs and Strategies to Control Them tenutosi a Wien nel 2010.
|Titolo:||Changes in CD4+ cells’ miRNA expression following exposure to HIV-1|
BIGNAMI, FABIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||microRNA ; HIV-1 ; CD4+ Cells ; LTNP ; MEU|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-nov-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-13-S3-O11|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|