Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces nitric oxide (NO) release by triggering multiple intracellular signals, among others the calcium/calmodulin pathway and the activation of Akt, events which induce endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activity. Because Endothelial Differentiation-related Factor (EDF)-1 is a calmodulin binding protein and plays a role in modulating endothelial functions, we evaluated whether EDF-1 is implicated in the regulation of eNOS activity in VEGF-treated human endothelial cells. While VEGF does not modulate the total amounts of EDF-1, it promotes the dissociation of calmodulin from EDF-1 which correlates with the increase of calmodulin bound to eNOS and the induction of NO release. To better characterize the contribution of EDF-1 to the regulation of VEGF-induced NO release, we stably silenced EDF-1 in endothelial cells. We here show that endothelial cells silencing EDF-1 produce more NO than controls and do not increase NO release in response to VEGF. The insensitivity to VEGF results from the incapability of cells silencing EDF-1 to phosphorylate eNOS Ser(1177), even though Akt is activated. Interestingly, okadaic acid, a pharmacologic inhibitor of the serine/threonine phosphatase PP2A, which preferentially dephosphorylates eNOS Ser(1177), restores NO release and eNOS Ser(1177) phosphorylation in cells silencing EDF-1. Our results suggest EDF-1 as a novel contributor to the complex regulation of eNOS activity in human endothelial cells.
|Titolo:||EDF-1 contributes to the regulation of nitric oxide release in VEGF treated human endothelial cells|
|Parole Chiave:||EDF-1; Human endothelial cells; Nitric oxide; VEGF|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ejcb.2010.05.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|