The rationale of this study was to investigate molecular flexibility and its influence on physicochemical properties with a view to uncovering additional information on the fuzzy concept of dynamic molecular structure. Indeed, it is now known that computed molecular interaction fields (MIFs) such as molecular electrostatic potentials (MEPs) and lipophilicity potentials (MLPs) are conformation-dependent, as are dipole moments. A database of 125 compounds was used whose conformational space was explored, while conformation-dependent parameters were computed for each non-redundant conformer found in the conformational space of the compounds. These parameters were the virtual log P (log P(MLP), calculated by a MLP approach), the apolar surface area (ASA), polar surface area (PSA), and solvent-accessible surface (SAS). For each compound, the range taken by each parameter (its property space) was divided by the number of rotors taken as an index of flexibility, yielding a parameter termed ''molecular sensitivity''. This parameter was poorly correlated with others (i.e., it contains novel information) and showed the compounds to fall into two broad classes. ''Sensitive'' molecules are those whose computed property ranges are markedly sensitive to conformational effects, whereas ''insensitive'' (in fact, less sensitive) molecules have property ranges which are comparatively less affected by conformational fluctuations. A pharmacokinetic application is presented.
|Titolo:||Partition coefficient and molecular flexibility: the concept of lipophilicity space|
VISTOLI, GIULIO (Primo)
PEDRETTI, ALESSANDRO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/cbdv.200900072|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|