Objectives : To evaluate whether etravirine (TMC125) might be effective in patients failing therapy with current nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), we analysed the prevalence of TMC125 mutations and the possible determinants of genotypic resistance to this drug among sequences reported to a large database in Italy [Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA)]. Methods : We analysed the prevalence of TMC125 resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) and the TMC125 weighted genotypic score (WGS) together with the determinants of genotypic resistance. A total of 5011 sequences from 2955 patients failing NNRTI therapy were evaluated. Results : Among the sequences in ARCA, 68% had at least one and 9.8% at least three TMC125 RAMs, whereas 31% had a WGS42. Frequent RAMs were Y181C, G190A, K101E and A98G, whereas V179F, Y181V and G190S appeared in o5% of sequences. Multivariate analysis revealed a higher risk of developing at least three TMC125 RAMs associated with both nevirapine and efavirenz exposure, whereas CD4 counts 200 cells/mL retained their protective effect. An increased risk of WGS42 was linked to higher HIV RNA values (maximum risk at 45 log10 copies/mL) and nevirapine exposure; CD4 counts 200 cells/mL were protective. Conclusions : The prevalence of TMC125 resistance mutations in the ARCA cohort was 68%. The DUET studies showed that at least three TMC125-associated mutations were required to impair the efficacy of the drug and Y181C/V, V179F and G190S had the greatest effect on response. The prevalence of these mutations among the patients examined in our study was low. However, WGS42 was found for one-third of our sequences. Previous nevirapine exposure was associated with an increased risk of having WGS42 (adjusted odds ratio 1.76).

Prevalence of mutations and determinants of genotypic resistance to etravirine (TMC125) in a large Italian resistance database (ARCA) / P. Di Vincenzo, S. Rusconi, F. Adorni, P. Vitiello, F. Maggiolo, D. Francisci, A. Di Biagio, L. Monno, A. Antinori, E. Boeri, G. Punzi, C. F. Perno, A. Callegaro, B. Bruzzone, M. Zazzi on behalf of the Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA) Collaborative Group. - In: HIV MEDICINE. - ISSN 1464-2662. - 11:8(2010), pp. 530-534.

Prevalence of mutations and determinants of genotypic resistance to etravirine (TMC125) in a large Italian resistance database (ARCA)

P. Di Vincenzo
Primo
;
S. Rusconi
Secondo
;
P. Vitiello;C. F. Perno;
2010

Abstract

Objectives : To evaluate whether etravirine (TMC125) might be effective in patients failing therapy with current nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), we analysed the prevalence of TMC125 mutations and the possible determinants of genotypic resistance to this drug among sequences reported to a large database in Italy [Antiretroviral Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA)]. Methods : We analysed the prevalence of TMC125 resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) and the TMC125 weighted genotypic score (WGS) together with the determinants of genotypic resistance. A total of 5011 sequences from 2955 patients failing NNRTI therapy were evaluated. Results : Among the sequences in ARCA, 68% had at least one and 9.8% at least three TMC125 RAMs, whereas 31% had a WGS42. Frequent RAMs were Y181C, G190A, K101E and A98G, whereas V179F, Y181V and G190S appeared in o5% of sequences. Multivariate analysis revealed a higher risk of developing at least three TMC125 RAMs associated with both nevirapine and efavirenz exposure, whereas CD4 counts 200 cells/mL retained their protective effect. An increased risk of WGS42 was linked to higher HIV RNA values (maximum risk at 45 log10 copies/mL) and nevirapine exposure; CD4 counts 200 cells/mL were protective. Conclusions : The prevalence of TMC125 resistance mutations in the ARCA cohort was 68%. The DUET studies showed that at least three TMC125-associated mutations were required to impair the efficacy of the drug and Y181C/V, V179F and G190S had the greatest effect on response. The prevalence of these mutations among the patients examined in our study was low. However, WGS42 was found for one-third of our sequences. Previous nevirapine exposure was associated with an increased risk of having WGS42 (adjusted odds ratio 1.76).
ARCA ; drug resistance ; genotype ; HIV-1 ; TMC125
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/145828
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