Glycerol was oxidised with oxygen in the presence of gold on carbon as the catalyst. Two types of catalysts were identified: one, characterised by well-dispersed nanoparticles with a mean diameter centred at 6 nm, did not maintain the initial selectivity of the oxidation at full conversion; the other, characterised by larger particles (> 20 nm), showed constant selectivity from the beginning to the end of the reaction. The experimental conditions were studied to optimise glycerate production with selected catalysts, with particular regard to the effect of the NaOH/glycerol ratio, glycerol concentration, temperature, and glycerol/catalyst ratio. The best result was 92% selectivity to glycerate at full conversion, obtained by oxidising glycerol at 30 ◦C, with a NaOH/glycerol ratio of 4, a glycerol/Au = 500, and 0.3 M concentration.
|Titolo:||Selective oxidation of glycerol to sodium glycerate with gold on carbon catalyst: an insight into reaction selectivity|
|Parole Chiave:||Glyceric acid; Glycerol oxidation; Gold on carbon; Liquid-phase oxidation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-giu-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jcat.2004.03.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|