The poly(amidoamine)s (PAAs) ISA 1 and ISA 23 display pH-dependent conformational change and pH-dependent membrane perturbation. These properties confer potential for use as endosomolytic polymers for intracytoplasmic delivery of toxins and genes. Both polymers are relatively non-toxic, and moreover ISA 23 has the beneficial property in vivo, of being non hepatotropic when administered intravenously. Although ISA 23 and ISA 1 demonstrate ability to transfect cells, ISA 1 is also able to promote intracellular delivery of non-permeant toxins. The aim of this study was to synthesise random and block copolymers of ISA 1 and ISA 23 and investigate whether these second generation hybrids would allow optimisation of PAA biological characteristics. Random and block copolymers of ISA 1 and ISA 23 were synthesised by hydrogen transfer polyaddition to generate a library of PAAs with an ISA 23:ISA 1 molar ratios of 2:1 to 4:1. The resultant polymers have a pI slightly below 7.4 and a M̄w of 19 900-49 000 g/mol and a M̄n of 13 100-24 100 g/mol. Whereas none of the random or block copolymers were haemolytic at pH 7.4 all demonstrated pH-dependent membrane activity. At pH 5.5 they caused 50-60% haemoglobin (Hb) release over 1 h. This was slightly less than that seen for ISA 23 (80% Hb release). None of the copolymers were cytotoxic against B16F10 cells during a 72 h incubation (IC50 > 2 mg/ml; MTT assay). The ability of the random and block copolymer PAAs to deliver the toxin gelonin was also examined, but only ISA 1 and the block copolymer B2 (ISA 23:ISA 1 at a 2:1 molar ratio) were able to promote intracellular delivery, as measured by cytotoxic activity. It would be interesting to study the body distribution of B2 and determine whether this toxin-delivering PAA is able to escape liver capture.
|Titolo:||Synthesis and endosomolytic properties of poly(amidoamine) block copolymers|
FERRUTI, PAOLO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Block copolymers; Endosomotropic delivery; PH-sensitive polymers; Poly(amidoamine)s; Random copolymers|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/mabi.200400093|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|