A striking feature of the CLIC (chloride intracellular channel) protein family is their ability to convert between a soluble state and integral membrane channel form. Direct evidence of the structural transition required for the CLIC protein to autonomously insert into the membrane is lacking, largely due to the challenge of probing the conformation of the membrane-bound protein. However, insights into the CLIC transmembrane form can be gained by biophysical methods such as Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) spectroscopy. This approach was used to measure distances from tryptophan 35, located within the CLIC1 putative N-domain transmembrane region, to three native cysteine residues within the C-terminal domain. These distances were computed both in aqueous solution and upon the addition of membrane vesicles. The FRET distances were used as constraints for modeling of a structure for the CLIC1 integral membrane form. The data are suggestive of a large conformational unfolding occurring between the N- and C-domains of CLIC1 upon interaction with the membrane. Consistent with previous findings, the N-terminal domain of CLIC1 is likely to insert into the lipid bilayer, while the C-domain remains in solution on the extravesicular side of the membrane.
|Titolo:||Metamorphic response of the CLIC1 chloride intracellular ion channel protein upon membrane interaction|
|Parole Chiave:||CLIC1 protein ; chloride ion channel ; ion channel structure ; membrane interaction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/bi100111c|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|