We developed and tested a methodology to extract both the size-segregated source apportionment of atmospheric aerosol and the size distribution of each detected element. The experiment is based on the parallel use of a standard low-volume sampler to collect Particulate Matter (PM) and an Optical Particle Counter (OPC). The approach is complementary to size-segregated PM sampling, and it was tested versus a 12-stage cascade impactor. Samples were collected inside the urban area of Genoa (Italy) and their elemental composition was measured by Energy Dispersive-X Ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF). Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) was applied to time series of elemental concentrations to identify major PM sources, and both PM mass concentration and size-segregated particle number concentration were apportioned. Source profiles and temporal trends extracted by PMF were analyzed together with the OPC data to obtain the size distribution for several elements. The new methodology proved to be reliable for the PM apportionment as well as in providing the elemental concentrations in PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 (PM with aerodynamic diameter, Dae < 10, 2.5, and 1 μm, respectively). The elemental size distributions are in good agreement with those obtained by the cascade impactor for several elements but some discrepancies, in particular for traffic emissions, are stressed and discussed in the text. The new methodology has two main advantages: it only requires standard semi-automatic sampling equipment and compositional analysis and it provides size-segregated information averaged over quite long periods (typically several months). This is particularly important since campaigns with cascade impactors are generally laborious and thus limited to short periods.
An alternative way to determine the size distribution of airborne particulate matter / E. Cuccia, V. Bernardoni, D. Massabò, P. Prati, G. Valli, R. Vecchi. - In: ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 1352-2310. - 44:27(2010), pp. 3304-3313.
|Titolo:||An alternative way to determine the size distribution of airborne particulate matter|
BERNARDONI, VERA (Secondo)
VALLI, GIANLUIGI (Penultimo)
VECCHI, ROBERTA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Optical counter; Particulate matter; Positive matrix factorization; Size distribution|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.045|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|