Importance of the field: HIV-infection has become a chronic disease in paediatric patients with the potential for long-term survival and exposure to antiretroviral (ARV) therapies for 2 decades longer than HIV-infected adults. On the other hand, the administration of ARV to HIV-infected pregnant women has greatly increased both treatment of HIV infection and prevention of perinatal HIV transmission. Therefore, researches aiming to evaluate the safety of ARV therapies in HIV-infected children as well as in HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers are emerging as a new challenge and urgent priority. Areas covered in this review: The purpose of this review is to describe some of the more concerning metabolic complications associated with ARV in paediatric population: hyperlactataemia (HLA) syndromes, body shape abnormalities, disorders of glucose homeostasis and dyslipidaemia in HIV-infected children and adolescents. Frequency, risk factors, clinical findings, prevention and intervention strategies of the previously described abnormalities are discussed in depth. What the reader will gain: This review covers our current understanding of HLA syndromes in ARV-exposed uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers. Take home message: Prevention of these metabolic complications should assume prominence and future researches should address several of the existing treatment gaps.
|Titolo:||Metabolic complications associated with antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed uninfected paediatric patients|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1517/14740330903579991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|