With the aim to search and design more effective and safe antioxidant molecules to be used as functional ingredients in cosmetic formulations for UV protection, we evaluated the antioxidant/radical scavenging activities of ferulic acid and of some alkyl ferulates in both acellular and cellular systems. Ferulic acid esters, equipotent as antioxidant in homogeneous phase, showed when tested in membranous systems (rat liver microsomes, rat erythrocytes) marked differences in antioxidant potency. The n-C12 derivative was the most potent, followed by n-C8, n-C16 and branched C8, and then by ferulic acid. A conformational study carried out by NMR and modelling, indicates that the different antioxidant activity of ferulates in membrane models is due to the different spatial conformation and arrangement of the side chain of the molecule, which governs the access and binding to the phospholipid bilayer, the modality of orientation of the scavenging/quenching nucleus (phenol moiety), and hence the overall antioxidant potency of the derivative. These results emphasize the need of analytical studies (NMR and molecular modelling) addressed to the knowledge of the conformational parameters in combination with conventional antioxidant testings for understanding the antioxidant behaviour of a molecule in a biological membrane/system.
|Titolo:||Conformational analysis: a tool for the elucidation of the antioxidant properties of ferulic acid derivatives in membrane models|
|Parole Chiave:||Conformational analysis; Antioxidant/radical scavenging activity; Acellular and cellular models; Alkyl ferulates; Ferulic acid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jpba.2004.04.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|