We studied mitochondria in the satellite cell sheaths which envelope the spinal ganglion neurons of rabbits aged 12, 42, and 79 months. While the mean cytoplasmic volume of satellite cell sheaths did not change significantly with age, the mean percentage of cytoplasmic volume occupied by mitochondria decreased with age. This decrease is mainly due to a reduction in the total mitochondrial mass and only in minor part is a consequence of lipofuscin accumulation. Mitochondrial structure did not change, while mitochondrial size increased with age. Comparison between mitochondria in nerve cell bodies and those in satellite cell sheaths showed that: (1) the mean percentage of cytoplasmic volume occupied by mitochondria was greater in nerve cell bodies than satellite cell sheaths and the ratio between these two percentages remained constant with advancing age; (2) the total mitochondrial mass was much greater in nerve cell bodies than satellite cell sheaths and the ratio between these two values increased with age; (3) the extent of increase of mitochondrial size with age was similar in nerve cell bodies and satellite cell sheaths. The results of the present study suggest that: (1) the ability of satellite cell sheaths to produce energy decreases with age; (2) the decreased ability of sensory neurons in old animals to meet high energy demands may be partly due to the diminished contribution of their associated satellite cell sheaths.

Age-related quantitative changes in mitochondria of satellite cell sheaths enveloping spinal ganglion neurons in the rabbit / C. Martinelli, P. Sartori, M. Ledda, E. Pannese. - In: BRAIN RESEARCH BULLETIN. - ISSN 0361-9230. - 61:2(2003 Jul 15), pp. 147-151.

Age-related quantitative changes in mitochondria of satellite cell sheaths enveloping spinal ganglion neurons in the rabbit

C. Martinelli
Primo
;
P. Sartori
Secondo
;
M. Ledda
Penultimo
;
E. Pannese
Ultimo
2003-07-15

Abstract

We studied mitochondria in the satellite cell sheaths which envelope the spinal ganglion neurons of rabbits aged 12, 42, and 79 months. While the mean cytoplasmic volume of satellite cell sheaths did not change significantly with age, the mean percentage of cytoplasmic volume occupied by mitochondria decreased with age. This decrease is mainly due to a reduction in the total mitochondrial mass and only in minor part is a consequence of lipofuscin accumulation. Mitochondrial structure did not change, while mitochondrial size increased with age. Comparison between mitochondria in nerve cell bodies and those in satellite cell sheaths showed that: (1) the mean percentage of cytoplasmic volume occupied by mitochondria was greater in nerve cell bodies than satellite cell sheaths and the ratio between these two percentages remained constant with advancing age; (2) the total mitochondrial mass was much greater in nerve cell bodies than satellite cell sheaths and the ratio between these two values increased with age; (3) the extent of increase of mitochondrial size with age was similar in nerve cell bodies and satellite cell sheaths. The results of the present study suggest that: (1) the ability of satellite cell sheaths to produce energy decreases with age; (2) the decreased ability of sensory neurons in old animals to meet high energy demands may be partly due to the diminished contribution of their associated satellite cell sheaths.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/14329
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