One of the main factors affecting the effectiveness of Error Correcting Output Coding (ECOC) methods for classification is the dependence among the errors of the computed codeword bits. We present an extensive experimental work for evaluating the dependence among output errors of the decomposition unit in ECOC learning machines. In particular, we apply measures based on mutual information to compare the dependence of ECOC Multi-Layer Perceptron (ECOC MLP), made up by a single multi-input multi-output MLP, and ECOC ensembles made up by a set of independent and parallel dichotomizers (ECOC PND). Moreover, the experimentation analyzes the relationship between the architecture, the dependence among output errors and the performances of ECOC learning machines. The results show that the dependence among computed codeword bits is significantly smaller for ECOC PND, pointing out that ensembles of independent parallel dichotomizers are better suited for implementing ECOC classification methods. The experimental results suggest new architectures of ECOC learning machines to improve the independence among output errors and the diversity between base learners.
|Titolo:||An experimental analysis of the dependence among codeword bit errors in ECOC learning machines|
VALENTINI, GIORGIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Dependence among output errors in learning machines; ECOC ensembles of learning machines; Error correcting output coding; Multiple classifier systems; Mutual information|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.neucom.2003.09.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|