In the Lombard Alps both traditional and “modern” goat farming systems are oriented to milk production and dairy. These systems, often display a good deal of dynamism. Another feature of them is a large variability (genetic types, use of pasture, dairy technologies). Many goats however are farmed within a super extensive system oriented to slaughter kids production and subsides. When environmental and economic sustainability issues are considered it should be noted that super extensive and intensive (zero grazing) systems do not provides adequate social utilities in return for subsidies obtained respectively on the basis of the EC meat regime and of financial supporting of farm buildings and machine modernization. Less favoured by the public support the semi-extensive traditional goat farming systems continue to perform a variety of functions (maintenance of landscape, biodiversity, cultural heritage). The most outstanding feature of sheep farming systems in the Lombard Alps is the vitality of the traditional transhumance system based on the integrated use of alpine pastures and of hills and plains marginal foraging resources. Sedentary flocks on the contrary are declining. The transhumant system was able to adapt to the changes in land uses and food consumption and nowadays comprises 2/3 of the regional sheep stock. The production is oriented to heavy lamb, the breed is always the Bergamasca/Biellese, the average size of the flock is 900 heads . Sedentary sheep farming systems rely on niche market and short production chains but generally suffer from low incomes due to a compulsory orientation to milk-fed lamb production. Sedentary sheep farming is always accessory.
|Titolo:||I sistemi di produzioni ovicaprini nelle alpi lombarde. La situazione attuale alla luce della loro evoluzione storica e del loro ruolo socioterritoriale|
CORTI, MICHELE (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Lombard Alps; goats, sheep; farming systems|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|