The tandem domain rhodanese-homology protein RhdA of Azotobacter vinelandii shows an active-site loop structure that confers structural peculiarity in the environment of its catalytic cysteine residue. The in vivo effects of the lack of RhdA were investigated by using an A. vinelandii mutant strain (MV474) in which the rhdA gene was disrupted by deletion. Here, by combining analytical measurements and transcript profiles, we show that deletion of the rhdA gene generates an oxidative stress condition to which A. vinelandii responds by activating defensive mechanisms. In conditions of growth in the presence of the superoxide generator phenazine methosulfate, a stressor-dependent induction of rhdA gene expression was observed, thus highlighting that RhdA is important for A. vinelandii to sustain oxidative stress. The potential of RhdA to buffer general levels of oxidants in A. vinelandii cells via redox reactions involving its cysteine thiol is discussed.
The rhodanese RhdA helps Azotobacter vinelandii in maintaining cellular redox balance / W. Remelli, A. Cereda, J. Papenbrock, F. Forlani, S.G. Pagani. - In: BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1431-6730. - 391:7(2010 Jul), pp. 777-784.
|Titolo:||The rhodanese RhdA helps Azotobacter vinelandii in maintaining cellular redox balance|
REMELLI, WILLIAM (Primo)
CEREDA, ANGELO (Secondo)
FORLANI, FABIO (Penultimo)
PAGANI, SILVIA GIOVANNA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||oxidative stress; transcriptomic analyses|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/BC.2010.073|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|