QoI resistance in P. viticola was first detected in France and Italy in 1999. Molecular and biological assays have been carried out since 2000 in order to provide reliable methods of detecting and quantifying resistance. Oospores were collected in vineyards located in northern and southern Italy. QoI resistance was evaluated by the germination rate of oospores on azoxystrobin amended medium and the frequency of mutant alleles in the DNA extracted from oospores. Both methods correlated to each other and were used side by side to test QoI resistance. Due to the spontaneous occurrence of the G143A mutation in wild type populations and the immigration from surrounding vineyards, resistance frequencies up to 10% were found in samples collected from vineyards never treated with QoIs. Particularly high values, about 90%, were associated with the application of five to six QoI treatments within the same season, while lower percentages, about 30%, were detected in vineyards treated with QoI used in mixture with fungicides belonging to a different resistance group. A progressive decrease of resistance frequency was observed when QoI applications were reduced in number or completely suspended for at least one season. Therefore, a full recovery of sensitivity may be achieved even in vineyards characterized by high levels of resistance, if particular care is taken during disease control by using QoIs only in mixtures and reducing the number of QoI treatments.

Evolution of QoI resistance in Plasmopara viticola oospores / S.L. Toffolatti, M. Prandato, L. Serrati, H. Sierotzki, U. Gisi, A. Vercesi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0929-1873. - 129:2(2011), pp. 331-338. [10.1007/s10658-010-9677-y]

Evolution of QoI resistance in Plasmopara viticola oospores

S.L. Toffolatti
Primo
;
M. Prandato
Secondo
;
A. Vercesi
Ultimo
2011

Abstract

QoI resistance in P. viticola was first detected in France and Italy in 1999. Molecular and biological assays have been carried out since 2000 in order to provide reliable methods of detecting and quantifying resistance. Oospores were collected in vineyards located in northern and southern Italy. QoI resistance was evaluated by the germination rate of oospores on azoxystrobin amended medium and the frequency of mutant alleles in the DNA extracted from oospores. Both methods correlated to each other and were used side by side to test QoI resistance. Due to the spontaneous occurrence of the G143A mutation in wild type populations and the immigration from surrounding vineyards, resistance frequencies up to 10% were found in samples collected from vineyards never treated with QoIs. Particularly high values, about 90%, were associated with the application of five to six QoI treatments within the same season, while lower percentages, about 30%, were detected in vineyards treated with QoI used in mixture with fungicides belonging to a different resistance group. A progressive decrease of resistance frequency was observed when QoI applications were reduced in number or completely suspended for at least one season. Therefore, a full recovery of sensitivity may be achieved even in vineyards characterized by high levels of resistance, if particular care is taken during disease control by using QoIs only in mixtures and reducing the number of QoI treatments.
Downy mildew; Fungicide resistance; Grapevine; Resistance management; Sensitivity assay
Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/142866
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