ABSTRACT: Hydrothermally produced TiO2 powders with different phase composition (anatase, rutile and mixed phase) were immobilized on glass fibers and tested in the phenol mineralization process. Both H2O2 and O2 were used as oxygen donors, and their performances were compared with those of the same TiO2 samples as slurries. The catalytic properties of the immobilized different crystalline phases, rutile and anatase, show the same trend as the slurry samples: pure rutile displays the highest catalytic efficiency in the presence of H2O2, while samples containing anatase improve the photodegradation efficacy with O2. It was suggested that the stability of the photogenerated electron-hole couple allows high activity of rutile in the presence of H2O2, while the relevant oxygen chemisorption on anatase causes high catalytic activity in the presence of O2. A four parameters kinetics model shows that both reaction steps, the phenol degradation and the mineralization of the intermediates, are photoactivated by TiO2. Photoactivity of the coated glass fibers is generally lower than that of slurries, even if their efficiencies are almost comparable when the oxidation is performed by H2O2, while much lower when the oxygen donor is O2. As a matter of fact, the morphology of immobilized catalysts shows the presence of chestnut burr aggregates of large rutile crystalline rods on the glass fiber, which are much less compact than the aggregates of small anatase particles. This preserves rutile surface area from the coarsening effects; thus, when rutile is the more active species, as in the presence of H2O2, the photocatalytic activity is less affected by immobilization.
|Titolo:||Immobilization of hydrothermally produced TiO2 with different phase composition for photocatalytic degradation of phenol|
BELLOBONO, IGNAZIO RENATO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Anatase ; Hydrothermal ; Phenol mineralization ; Photocatalysis ; Rutile|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.apcatb.2008.11.012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|