Milk protein genetic polymorphisms are often used for characterizing domesticated mammalian species and breeds, and for studying associations with economic traits. The aim of this work was to analyze milk protein genetic variation in the Original Pinzgauer, a dual-purpose (dairy and beef) cattle breed of European origin that was influenced in the past by human movements from different regions as well as by crossbreeding with Red Holstein. A total of 485 milk samples from Original Pinzgauer from Austria (n=275) and Germany (n=210) were typed at milk proteins alphaS1-casein, beta-casein, kappa-casein, alpha-lactalbumin, and beta-lactoglobulin by isoelectrofocusing to analyze the genetic variation affecting the protein amino acid charge. The Original Pinzgauer breed is characterized by a rather high genetic variation affecting the amino acid charge of milk proteins, with a total of 15 alleles, 12 of which were found at a frequency >0.05. The most polymorphic protein was beta-casein with 4 alleles detected. The prevalent alleles were CSN1S1*B, CSN2*A 2 , CSN1S2*A, CSN3*A, LGB*A, and LAA*B. A relatively high frequency of CSN1S2*B (0.202 in the whole data set) was found, mainly occurring within the C-A 2 -B-A haplotype (in the order CSN1S1-CSN2-CSN1S2-CSN3), which seems to be peculiar to the Original Pinzgauer, possibly because the survival of an ancestral haplotype or the introgression of Bos indicus.
|Titolo:||Milk protein genetic variation and casein haplotype structure in the Original Pinzgauer cattle|
RIZZI, RITA MARIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||αs2-casein; Haplotype; Milk protein; Original Pinzgauer cattle|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3168/jds.2009-2521|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|