Taking inspiration from some laws of Nature — energy transformation and chemical reactions — we consider two different paradigms of computation in the framework of Membrane Computing. We first study the computational power of energy-based P systems, a model of membrane systems where a fixed amount of energy is associated with each object and the rules transform objects by manipulating their energy. We show that if we assign local priorities to the rules, then energy-based P systems are as powerful as Turing machines; otherwise, they can be simulated by vector addition systems, and hence are not universal. Then, we consider stochastic membrane systems where computations are performed through chemical networks. We show how molecular species and chemical reactions can be used to describe and simulate the functioning of Fredkin gates and circuits. We conclude the paper with some research topics related to computing with energy-based P systems and with chemical reactions.
|Titolo:||Computing with energy and chemical reactions|
BESOZZI, DANIELA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11047-009-9160-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|