All species of the Ophiuroidea have exceptional regenerative capabilities; in particular, they can replace arms lost following traumatic or self-induced amputation. In order to reconstruct this complex phenomenon, we studied arm regeneration in two different ophiuroids, Ophioderma longicaudum (Retzius, 1805) and Amphiura filiformis O. F. Müller, 1776, which are quite distantly related. These species present contrasting regeneration and differentiation rates and differ in several ecological traits. The aim of this paper is to interpret the primary sequence of morphogenetic and histogenetic events leading to the complete reconstruction of a new arm, comparing the arm regenerative processes of these two ophiuroid species with those described in crinoids. Arm regeneration in ophiuroids is considered an epimorphic process in which new structures develop from a typical blastema formed from an accumulation of presumptive undifferentiated cells. Our results showed that although very different in some respects such as, for instance, the regeneration rate (0.17 mm/week for O. longicaudum and 0.99 mm/week for A. filiformis), morphogenetic and histogenetic aspects are surprisingly similar in both species. The regenerative process presents similar characteristics and follows a developmental scheme which can be subdivided into four phases: a repair phase, an early regenerative phase, an intermediate regenerative phase and an advanced regenerative phase. In terms of histogenesis, the regenerative events involve the development of new structures from migratory pluripotent cells, which proliferate actively, in addition in both cases there is a significant contribution from dedifferentiated cells, in particular dedifferentiating myocytes, although to varying extents. This evidence confirms the plasticity of the regenerative phenomenon in echinoderms, which can apparently follow different pathways in terms of growth and morphogenesis, but nevertheless involve both epimorphic and morphallactic contributions at the cellular level.
Wound healing and arm regeneration in Ophioderma longicaudum and Amphiura filiformis (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata): comparative morphogenesis and histogenesis / A. Biressi, T. Zou, S. Dupont, C. Dahlberg, C. Di Benedetto, F. Bonasoro, M. Thorndyke, M.D. Candia Carnevali. - In: ZOOMORPHOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-213X. - 129:1(2010), pp. 1-19.
|Titolo:||Wound healing and arm regeneration in Ophioderma longicaudum and Amphiura filiformis (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata): comparative morphogenesis and histogenesis|
BIRESSI, ANNA CHIARA MARIA (Primo)
CANDIA, MARIA DANIELA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Brittle stars; Echinoderms; Morphology; Ophiuroids; Regeneration|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00435-009-0095-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|