The crystal chemistry of the new mineral dissakisite-(La), the Mg-analogue of allanite-(La) with ideal formula CaLaAl2MgSi3O12(OH), was studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Mossbauer spectroscopy. Diffraction data indicated that it has a partially metamict state with expanded cell parameters a = 8.959, b = 5.7226, and c = 10.232 angstrom, beta = 115.19 degrees, and V = 474.7 angstrom(3). The crystal structure was refined to R(I/sigma(I) > 4) of 3.45% and wR2 of 8.52% (S.G. P2(1)/m). The displacement parameters are unusually large as consistent with positional disorder. Ca and REE are partitioned between the A1 and the A2 sites, Fe2+ between the M3 and the Al sites, and Fe3+ between the M3 and the M2 sites. Th is confined to A1. The Mossbauer spectrum implies the presence of five different iron sites, three Kof which are attributed to Fe2+ at the M3 site, one to Fe2+ at the A1 site, and one to Fe3+ at a rather distorted octahedral site. Annealing at 700 degrees C caused contraction of cell edges (b and c shrank by 0.5%, a by 0.3%, beta only slightly decreased; similar to 1% in V) and of bond distances, with a consequent overall increase in bond valences. Displacement parameters decreased by about 30%, leading to a significant increase from 1495 to 1627 in the number of reflections with I/sigma(I) > 4. Structure rearrangement was achieved by means of flexible points such as the two-coordinated oxygen atoms 08 and 09, and by greater volume decreases in M3, A1, A2, and Si3 polyhedra. Si tetrahedra behaved non-rigidly, at variance with what was observed for isomorphous substitution and thermal expansion. Despite the high Th content and the age of the mineral, the crystal structure is well preserved. The above paradox could be explained by a thermal event after formation of the mineral that reversed previous damage, or by a prolonged period under relatively high-temperature conditions.
|Titolo:||The crystal structure of dissakisite-(La) and structural variations after annealing of radiation damage|
TUMIATI, SIMONE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||crystal structure; dissakisite-(La); Mossbauer spectroscopy; new minerals; high-temperature studies|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2006.1721|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|