Estrogen is known to affect vascular function and diabetes development, but the relative contribution of estrogen receptor (ER) isoforms is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine how individual ER isoforms modulate inflammatory enzymes in the vascular wall of control and streptozotocin (STZ)-injected rodents. Primary cultures of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were stimulated with inflammatory agents in the presence or absence of increasing concentrations of the ER alpha and ER beta-selective agonists 4,4',4 ''-(4-propyl-[1H]-pyrazole-1,3,5triyl) trisphenol (PPT) and diarylpropionitrile (DPN), respectively. The production of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS), a classical indicator of vascular inflammation, was significantly reduced by PPT in control but not diabetic SMCs, whereas it was further enhanced by DPN treatment in both groups. This distinct action profile was not related to changes in ER transcriptional activity. However, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 signaling was activated by DPN but not by PPT in cytokine-treated SMCs. In cultured aortic rings from both normoglycemic and STZ-diabetic mice, pharmacological activation of ER alpha attenuated cytokine-driven iNOS induction by 30 to 50%. Vascular iNOS levels were decreased consistently when adding 1 nM 17 beta-estradiol to aortic tissues from ER beta- but not ER alpha-knockout mice. These findings suggest a possible role for ER alpha-selective ligands in reducing vascular inflammatory responses under normo- and hyperglycemic conditions.
Distinct roles of estrogen receptor-alpha and beta in the modulation of vascular inducile NO synthase in diabetes / A. Cignarella, C. Bolego, V. Pelosi, C. Meda, K. A, C. Pinna, M.R. Gaion, E. Vegeto, A. Maggi. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 0022-3565. - 328:1(2009), pp. 174-182.
|Titolo:||Distinct roles of estrogen receptor-alpha and beta in the modulation of vascular inducile NO synthase in diabetes|
CIGNARELLA, ANDREA (Primo)
VEGETO, ELISABETTA (Penultimo)
MAGGI, ADRIANA CATERINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Smooth-muscle-cells; increased expression; gene-expression; messenger-RNA; ER-alpha; 17-beta-estradiol; mouse; mice; estradiol; agonists|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.108.143511|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|