Background: Previous studies proposed as one of the main mechanisms involved in neurally mediated syncope, the stimulation of ventricular mechanoreceptors as the final trigger for vagal discharge. Objectives: This study aimed to verify the presence of a sympathetic driven increase of cardiac contractility before vasovagal syncope. Methods: We studied 23 patients with recurrent syncope. All underwent a 60° tilt with pharmacologic challenge (sublingual spray nitrate). Two conditions were used to assess autonomic activity by heart rate variability analysis: in a supine position after 5 min of rest and after 15 min of tilt. Simultaneously, cardiac contractility was quantified by tissue-Doppler echocardiography at the base of the free walls of left ventricle. The peak myocardial velocities during systole (Sw) and late diastole (Aw) were considered. Results: Passive tilt induced a significant increase of the low frequency component (LF) as well as a decrease of the high frequency component (HF) in positive patients (LF: from 49±18 to 65±18 nu, p<0.05; HF: from 41±21 to 26±16 nu, p<0.05). Tissue-Doppler showed a similar increase in Sw in both positive and negative patients but showed a significant decrease of Aw in syncopal subjects (p<0.005). Conclusions: Our results do not show an increase in ventricular contractility before tilt-induced syncope, or in presence of a valuable increase of sympathetic activity. Instead, we observe a reduction of atrial contractility, which may be a contributory component in the pathogenesis of vasovagal syncope.
|Titolo:||Autonomic modulation and cardiac contractility in vasovagal syncope|
|Parole Chiave:||Autonomic activity; Heart rate variability; Syncope; Tilt test; Tissue Doppler echocardiography|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.10.030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|