Cilia-Associated Respiratory (CAR) bacillus is a filamentous bacterium that colonizes the ciliated epithelium of the respiratory tract of many animal species and that has been associated with chronic inflammatory lesions in naturally and experimentally infected rats, mice and rabbits. In the present study, the prevalence of CAR bacillus infection and histological lesions of the trachea in veal calf and adult cattle were investigated. Forty five healthy veal calves and 45 adult cattle, raised in 18 different herds were selected at slaughter. From each animal, a tracheal sample was processed for histology, stain-ed with the Warthin-Starry method to evaluate the presence of CAR bacillus, and with haematoxylin and eosin to evaluate the presence of inflammatory lesions. CAR bacillus was identified in 17 veal calves (37.7 %) and in 7 adult cattle (15.5 %). Inflammatory lesions were found in 42 veal calves (93.3 %) and in 41 adult cattle (91.1 %). Statistical analysis pointed out a significant correlation between the presence and number of CAR bacilli and the presence and number of lymphoid follicles (P = 0.0071) and the presence and severity of neutrophilic infiltrates (P = 0.0428). These results indicate that CAR bacillus infection is common in cattle and is correlated with tracheal inflammatory lesions.
|Titolo:||Cilia-Associated Respiratory (CAR) bacillus infection in veal calves and adult cattle|
PRAVETTONI, DAVIDE (Primo)
SCANZIANI, EUGENIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cattle; Cilia-Associated Respiratory (CAR) bacillus; Trachea|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|