Skin irritation is a complex phenomenon, and keratinocytes play an important role in it. We have recently characterized the expression and protective role of adipose differentiation related protein (ADRP) in skin irritation. In particular, ADRP expression is induced to recover functional cell membrane following the cell damage caused by skin irritants.The purpose of this study was to characterize in a human keratinocyte cells line (NCTC 2544) the biochemical events that lead to ADRP expression following SDS treatment, and in particular, to investigate the role of transcription factor SP-1. Analysis of ADRP promoter region revealed the presence of a potential binding site for the transcription factor SP-1 close to the start site. Evaluated by measuring the DNA binding activity, we found that SDS induced a dose and time related SP-1 activation, which was correlated with SDS-induced ADRP mRNA expression. Furthermore, SDS-induced SP-1 activation, ADRP mRNA expression and lipid droplets accumulation could be modulated by mithramycin A, an antibiotic that selectively binds to the GC box preventing SP-1 binding and gene expression. This demonstrated that SDS-induced ADRP expression was mediated in part through the transcription factor SP-1. In addition, SDS-induced SP-1 activation and ADRP expression could be modulated by the calcium chelator BAPTA, indicating a role of calcium in ADRP-induction.Thus, every time an irritant perturbs the membrane barrier, it renders the membrane leaky and allows extracellular calcium to enter the cells, an event that provides the upstream mechanisms initiating the signaling cascade that triggers the activation of SP-1 and culminates in the enhancement of ADRP expression, which helps to restore the normal homeostasis and ultimately repairs the to membrane.
Role of SP-1 in SDS-Induced Adipose Differentiation Related Protein Synthesis in Human Keratinocytes / E. Corsini, O. Zancanella, L. Lucchi, B. Viviani, M. Marinovich, C.L. Galli. - In: GENE REGULATION AND SYSTEMS BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1177-6250. - 1(2007 Oct 04), pp. 207-215.
|Titolo:||Role of SP-1 in SDS-Induced Adipose Differentiation Related Protein Synthesis in Human Keratinocytes|
CORSINI, EMANUELA (Primo)
MARINOVICH, MARINA (Penultimo)
GALLI, CORRADO LODOVICO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-ott-2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|