This study deals with the role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the regulation of cell proliferation. NPY is expressed in the normal and tumoral prostate, but no data on its possible role in prostate cancer (PCa) progression are available. Therefore, we evaluated the direct effect of NPY on the growth of the human PCa cell lines LNCaP (androgen dependent) and DU145 and PC3 (androgen independent). All PCa cell lines expressed Y1-R gene and protein. NPY treatment reduced the proliferation of LNCaP and DU145 cells and increased that of PC3 cells. The Y1-R antagonist BIBP3226 abolished such effects, suggesting a mandatory role of Y1-R in this process. LNCaP cells showed elevated constitutive levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2, which were not affected by NPY. In DU145 cells, NPY stimulated a long-lasting ERK1/2 activation, whereas, in PC3 cells, this effect was rapid, transient and required activation of protein kinase C. Moreover, in both cell lines, pretreatment with BIBP3226 prevented the NPY-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation, further supporting Y1-R involvement. NPY treatment reduced forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation only in PC3 cells, and did not change intracellular calcium concentration in any PCa cell line. These data indicate that NPY may directly regulate PCa cell growth via Y1-R. The direction of this effect appears to be related to the time kinetics of MAPK activation, i.e. long-lasting vs. transient, and to the clone-specific involvement of other intracellular signals. These findings suggest that NPY-related mechanisms might play a relevant role in the progression of PCa, at both androgen dependent and independent stages.
Activation of the Y1 receptor by neuropeptide Y regulates the growth of prostate cancer cells / M. Ruscica, E. Dozio, S. Boghossian, G. Bovo, V. M. Riano, M. Motta, P. Magni. - In: ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-7227. - 147:3(2006), pp. 1466-1473.
|Titolo:||Activation of the Y1 receptor by neuropeptide Y regulates the growth of prostate cancer cells|
RUSCICA, MASSIMILIANO (Primo)
DOZIO, ELENA (Secondo)
MOTTA, MARCELLA (Penultimo)
MAGNI, PAOLO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||protein-kinase pathway; cycle arrest; peptide-YY; map kinase; cho-cells; expression; proliferation; carcinoma; lines; polypeptide|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2005-0925|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|