The beneficial or detrimental effects of androgens on the cardiovascular system are debated. Endothelial progenitor cells are bone-marrow-derived cells involved in endothelial healing and angiogenesis, which promote cardiovascular health. Oestrogens are potent stimulators of endothelial progenitor cells, and previous findings have indicated that androgens may improve the biology of these cells as well. In the present study, we show that testosterone and its active metabolite dihydrotestosterone exert no effects on the expansion and function of late endothelial progenitors isolated from the peripheral blood of healthy human adult males, whereas they positively modulate early 'monocytic' endothelial progenitor cells. In parallel, we show that castration in rats is followed by a decrease in circulating endothelial progenitor cells, but that testosterone and dihydrotestosterone replacement fails to restore endothelial progenitor cells towards normal levels. This is associated with persistently low oestrogen levels after androgen replacement in castrated rats. In a sample of 62 healthy middle-aged men, we show that circulating endothelial progenitor cell levels are more directly associated with oestradiol, rather than with testosterone, concentrations. In conclusion, our results collectively demonstrate that androgens exert no direct effects on endothelial progenitor cell biology in vitro and in vivo.
|Titolo:||Effects of androgens on endothelial progenitor cells in vitro and in vivo|
|Parole Chiave:||androgen; cardiovascular system; endothelial progenitor cell; endothelium; gender; oestrogen; stern cell|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
|Data di pubblicazione:||7-set-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1042/CS20090077|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|