Purpose of review: The purpose of this work is to review recent advances in setting methods and models for measuring metabolism during surgery in humans. Surgery, especially solid organ transplantation, may offer unique experimental models in which it is ethically acceptable to gain information on difficult problems of amino acid and protein metabolism. Recent findings: Two areas are reviewed: the metabolic study of the anhepatic phase during liver transplantation and brain microdialysis during cerebral surgery. The first model offers an innovative approach to understand the relative role of liver and extrahepatic organs in gluconeogenesis, and to evaluate whether other organs can perform functions believed to be exclusively or almost exclusively performed by the liver. The second model offers an insight to intracerebral metabolism that is closely bound to that of the liver. Summary: The recent advances in metabolic research during surgery provide knowledge immediately useful for perioperative patient management and for a better control of surgical stress. The studies during the anhepatic phase of liver transplantation have showed that gluconeogenesis and glutamine metabolism are very active processes outside the liver. One of the critical organs for extrahepatic glutamine metabolism is the brain. Microdialysis studies helped to prove that in humans there is an intense trafficking of glutamine, glutamate and alanine among neurons and astrocytes. This delicate network is influenced by systemic amino acid metabolism. The metabolic dialogue between the liver and the brain is beginning to be understood in this light in order to explain the metabolic events of brain damage during liver failure.
Methods of measuring metabolism during surgery in humans : focus on the liver-brain relationship / A. Battezzati, S. Bertoli. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN CLINICAL NUTRITION AND METABOLIC CARE. - ISSN 1363-1950. - 7:5(2004), pp. 523-530.
|Titolo:||Methods of measuring metabolism during surgery in humans : focus on the liver-brain relationship|
BATTEZZATI, ALBERTO (Primo)
BERTOLI, SIMONA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Amino Acids metabolism, Brain metabolism, Brain surgery, Energy Metabolism, Gluconeogenesis, Humans, Intraoperative Period, Liver Transplantation, Microdialysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00075197-200409000-00004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|