Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked lipid storage disorder due to a deficient lysosomal a-galactosidase A (a-Gal) activity. In males with the classic form of the disease the enzymatic defect leads to progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids (GL) in different organs, mainly in the kidney, heart, and brain, causing severe multisystem failure. AFD is usually mild in heterozygous females, but severe cerebrovascular, renal, and cardiac manifestations have been rarely described. The aim of this study is to describe renal involvement of mild symptomatic female carriers by ultrastructural analysis focusing to microvascular lesions, considered to be one of the major causes of systemic disease in AFD. Resin-embedded renal biopsies from 2 sisters with isolated mild proteinuria and belonging to a family group with AFD were observed by light and electron microscopy. In spite of the mild clinical symptoms, diffuse GL storages were demonstrated in all types of glomerular cells and in interstitial endothelial cells. Moreover, platelets were frequently observed in glomerular vassels, a feature coherent with a possible role of prothrombotic state, and platelet activation, in early glomerular lesions.
|Titolo:||Ultrastructural study of renal involvement in two females with Anderson-Fabry disease|
NEBULONI, MANUELA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/01913120590951202|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|