Often microarray studies require a reference to indirectly compare the samples under observation. References based on pooled RNA from different cell lines have already been described (here referred to as RNA-R), but they usually do not exhaustively represent the set of genes printed on a chip, thus requiring many adjustments during the analyses. A reference could also be generated in vitro transcribing the collection of cDNA clones printed on the microarray in use (here referred to as T3-R). Here we describe an alternative and simpler PCR-based methodology to construct a similar reference (Chip-R), and we extensively test and compare it to both RNA-R and T3-R. The use of both Chip-R and T3-R dramatically increases the number of signals on the slides and gives more reproducible results than RNA-R. Each reference preparation is also evaluated in a simple microarray experiment comparing two different RNA populations. Our results show that the introduction of a reference always interferes with the analysis. Indeed, the direct comparison is able to identify more up- or down-regulated genes than any reference-mediated analysis. However, if a reference has to be used, Chip-R and T3-R are able to guarantee more reliable results than RNA-R.

Development of a new reference standard for microarray experiments / F. Gorreta, D. Barzaghi, A.J. VanMeter, V. Chandhoke, L. Del Giacco. - In: BIOTECHNIQUES. - ISSN 0736-6205. - 36:6(2004 Jun), pp. 1002-1009.

Development of a new reference standard for microarray experiments

L. Del Giacco
Ultimo
2004

Abstract

Often microarray studies require a reference to indirectly compare the samples under observation. References based on pooled RNA from different cell lines have already been described (here referred to as RNA-R), but they usually do not exhaustively represent the set of genes printed on a chip, thus requiring many adjustments during the analyses. A reference could also be generated in vitro transcribing the collection of cDNA clones printed on the microarray in use (here referred to as T3-R). Here we describe an alternative and simpler PCR-based methodology to construct a similar reference (Chip-R), and we extensively test and compare it to both RNA-R and T3-R. The use of both Chip-R and T3-R dramatically increases the number of signals on the slides and gives more reproducible results than RNA-R. Each reference preparation is also evaluated in a simple microarray experiment comparing two different RNA populations. Our results show that the introduction of a reference always interferes with the analysis. Indeed, the direct comparison is able to identify more up- or down-regulated genes than any reference-mediated analysis. However, if a reference has to be used, Chip-R and T3-R are able to guarantee more reliable results than RNA-R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/13268
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